Trevor Marchand has put together an exhibition entitled “Buildings That Fill My Eye” Architectural Heritage of Yemen for the Brunei Gallery at SOAS in London.
The exhibition and its planned public talks and educational events will explore the astonishing variety of building styles and traditions that have evolved over millennia in a region of diverse terrains, extreme climates and distinctive local histories. Generations of highly skilled masons, carpenters and craftspeople have deftly employed the materials-to-hand and indigenous technologies to create urban architectural assemblages, gardens and rural landscapes that dialogue harmoniously with the natural contours and conditions of southern Arabia. In turn, the place-making practices of Yemen’s builders have played a significant role in fostering tight-knit communities with a strong sense of pride and distinct cultural identities.
Continue reading Yemen Architecture Exhibition
On April 3, National Geographic online published an article on the historic Yemeni city of Shibam.
In the heart of Yemen’s Wadi Hadramaut, a cluster of ancient mud skyscrapers soars above the desert floor—a beacon of mankind’s adaptability to the most formidable of environments.
At the edge of a desolate expanse of desert known as the Empty Quarter, the 16th-century Walled City of Shibam remains the oldest metropolis in the world to use vertical construction. Once a significant caravan stop on the spice and incense route across the southern Arabian plateau, British explorer Freya Stark dubbed the mud city “the Manhattan of the desert” in the 1930s.
Every aspect of Shibam’s design is strategic. Perched upon on a rocky spur and surrounded by a giant flood wadi, its elevated position shields it from flooding while maintaining proximity to its primary source of water and agriculture. The city was built on a rectangular grid behind a fortified wall—a defensive arrangement that protected its inhabitants from rival tribes and offered a high vantage point from which enemies would be seen approaching.
For the full story click here.
AIYS held two well-attended panels at MESA in Boston last week. Here are some of the photos from the panel organized by Dan Mahoney on the destruction of Yemen’s cultural heritage:
Dr. Lamya Khalidi, Dr. Krista Lewis and Dr. Dan Mahoney at MESA
Dr. McGuire Gibson at the heritage panel. Dr. Gibson was the founder of AIYS in 1978.
Dr. Lamya Khalidi, who also provided a video of Dr. al-Sayani, the current Director of the General Organization of Antiquities and Museums in Yemen.
And here are photos from the panel organized by Dr. Marieke Brandt:
Continue reading AIYS at MESA
صناعة محلية %100
الخُبَر … جمع خُبْرَة وهي لفظة مستعملة عند حرفيي حَضْرموت، وهي عبارةٌ عن زنِبيلٍ مصنوعٍ من السَعَف يستخدم لحفظ التمور في النخيل قبل قطعه. وتسمى عملية وضع التمر إذا بدت عليه علامات النضج في الخُبْرَة بعملية القَنَامة. وتتميز الخُبْرَة بشكلها الجميل الذي يشبه إلى حدٍ كبيرِ شكل الخُف أو قارب الصيد فهي تتكون من جناحين متجافيين, طرفها الأول مفتوح وطرفها الآخر بيضاوي الشكل، وتقسَّم الخُبَر حسب حجمها إلى خمسة أنواع رئيسيةٍ … العُقدة وهو أكبرها حجماً، يأتي بعده كبير الحُوطة، فكبير سيئون، ثم الرُّبع الشافي وأخيراً الربع الصغير. وتعد صناعة الخُبَر من الصناعات الخُوصية التي تحتاج إلى خبرةٍ في إعدادها، فهناك خطواتٌ عمليةٌ خاصةٌ تحتاج إلى فنٍ وإتقان.
courtesy of Dr. Mohammaed Jarhoom
Here is my personal blog post on MENA Tidningen regarding the UNESCO meeting I attended a few days ago in Paris. AIYS was well represented at the meeting. I gave an introductory talk on Yemen’s history and culture the first day, followed by presentations on Yemen’s intangible and movable cultural heritage by AIYS associate and anthropologist Najwa Adra, ethnomusicologists Jean Lambert and Scheherazade Hassan, Anne Regourd (University of Copenhagen), Leila Aliaquil (jewelry expert), Alessandra Avanzini (University of Pisa) and St. John Simpson (British Museum). Speaking on Yemen’s archaeology were Iris Gerlach (DAI), Alexander Sedov (National Museum of Oriental Art, Russia), Sabina Antonini (Association Monumenta Orientalia), Michel Mouton (CEFAS), Zayd Zaydoon (AFSM) and Jean-François Breton. Yemen’s architecture and built heritage were discussed by Renzo Ravagnan and Massimo Khairallah (Instituto Veneto del Restauro), Omar Abdulaziz Hallaj (GIZ), Marylene Barret (Conservator) and Cristina Iamandi (architect and urban planner).
The meeting was opened and closed by H.E. Ambassador Ahmed Sayyad, Ambassador of Yemen to UNESCO. It was fortunate that Mohanad Ahmed Al Syani (Chairman of GOAMM) and Nagi Saleh (Chairman of GOPHCY) were able to make the arduous journey from war-torn Yemen to Paris and brief the delegates on the current damage to Yemen’s heritage and future needs for restoration.
The blood-soaked political battle to take control of Yemen goes beyond dead bodies, the wounded, the displaced and destruction of the infrastructure. Yemen’s rich and irreplaceable Islamic heritage is also under attack. In the Hadramawt, al-Qaeda has razed one of the many shrines, most under waqf control. The pictures here are of the tomb of al-Habib Hamad bin Salih bin Shaykh Abu Bakr bin Salim in the area of Sha’b al-Nur in the directorate of al-Shihr in the province of Hadramawt. What other important cultural and religious landmarks will also be destroyed as the madness continues?
My thanks to Dr. Mohamed Jarhoum for identifying the shrine, the photos of which were posted on the Internet.
شبام في فن تصويري مختلف . تصميم/ أحمد بن يحيى
The following Facebook post by Ibrahim Aljariri shows a hyena captured in the Hadramawt.
هذا الضبع الحذر كان يغير ليلاً ونهاراً على مواشي الأهالي في إحدى قرى حضرموت خرج كثير من الشباب في إثره بعد أن ضاقوا به ذرعاً ولكن حذر الضبع حال دون وصولهم إليه, فتجرد أحد الشيبان لهذه المهمة وسط سخرية الجميع فهذا الشايب قد شارف على السبعين من عمره والطريدة لم يأتي بها الشباب فكيف يأتي هذه العجوز الذي يكاد أن يرى أمامه لم تثنيه سخرية القوم حمل بنديقته التي رافقته طيلة عمره وذهب يبحث عن الغريم عاد عند المساء يسوق الضبع ذليلا بعد أن أصابه برصاصته التي لم تخطئ يوماً وسط ذهول أهل القرية جميعاً.. كان هذا الشايب أحد أفراد جيش البادية في شبابه ذلك الجيش الذي ولّد رجالاً لايقهرون.
Abobakr Abdullah Ahmed Al-Sakkaf recently (June 2013) received his M. Sc. in Architecture from the Department of Architecture & Planning, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. His dissertation title is ” The Impact of Local Climate on Residential Building Design in the Ḥadhramaut Valley: A Case Study of the City of Shibam” [Translated from Arabic]. Below is an abstract in English of his thesis:
Traditional mud brick architecture has been used for centuries in the construction of urban centers and residential homes, buildings, fortresses, and mosques across the Middle East and beyond. Despite the historical importance of this traditional form of architecture, which in countries like Yemen continues to serve as the visual record of a nation’s history and heritage, the scientific literature available is mostly restricted to identifying the modern challenges to its continued survival and preservation.
Continue reading New study of Shibam architecture